Thesis parts introduction

The car, however, allows people to travel at any time they wish, and to almost any destination they choose. Despite this advantage, cars have many significant disadvantages, the most important of which is the pollution they cause. Almost all cars run either on petrol or diesel fuel, both of which are fossil fuels.

Burning these fuels causes the car to emit serious pollutants, such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and nitrous oxide. Not only are these gases harmful for health, causing respiratory disease and other illnesses, they also contribute to global warming, an increasing problem in the modern world. In short, pollution is a major drawback of cars. A further disadvantage is the traffic problems that they cause in many cities and towns of the world.

While car ownership is increasing in almost all countries of the world, especially in developing countries, the amount of available roadway in cities is not increasing at an equal pace. This can lead to traffic congestion, in particular during the morning and evening rush hour. In some cities, this congestion can be severe, and delays of several hours can be a common occurrence. Such congestion can also affect those people who travel out of cities at the weekend. Spending hours sitting in an idle car means that this form of transport can in fact be less convenient than trains or aeroplanes or other forms of public transport.

In conclusion, while the car is advantageous for its convenience , it has some important disadvantages, in particular the pollution it causes and the rise of traffic jams. If countries can invest in the development of technology for green fuels, and if car owners can think of alternatives such as car sharing, then some of these problems can be lessened.


  • Start with A Rough Draft for Your Essay Introduction!
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Union of Concerned Scientists Car Emissions and Global Warming. Like the website? Try the books. Below is a checklist for an essay introduction. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer another student to help you. Find out how to structure the main body of an essay in the next section.

How to Write an Essay/Parts

Go back to the previous section about essay structure. Scroll to Top report this ad. The writing process What is the writing process? Subscribe to the newsletter.

How to Write an Essay/Parts - Wikibooks, open books for an open world

AWL Words on this page from the academic word list. Dictionary Look it up. It clarifies the structure of your thesis and helps you find the correct focus for your work. The outline can also be used in supervision sessions, especially in the beginning. You might find that you need to restructure your thesis. Working on your outline can then be a good way of making sense of the necessary changes.

A good outline shows how the different parts relate to each other, and is a useful guide for the reader. It often makes sense to put the outline at the end of the introduction, but this rule is not set in stone.

Writing the Thesis

Use discretion: What is most helpful for the reader? The information should come at the right point — not too early and not too late. The theory used in an empirical study is meant to shed light on the data in a scholarly or scientific manner. It should give insights not achievable by ordinary, everyday reflections. The main purpose of using theory is to analyse and interpret your data.


  • Definition!
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  • Main components of a master’s thesis or dissertation – Language Center;
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Therefore, you should not present theoretical perspectives that are not being put to use. Doing so will create false expectations, and suggests that your work is incomplete. Not all theses have a separate theory section. In the IMRaD format the theory section is included in the introduction, and the second chapter covers the methods used.

What kind of theory should you choose? Since the theory is the foundation for your data analysis it can be useful to select a theory that lets you distinguish between, and categorise different phenomena.

Writing an Education Research Paper

Other theories let you develop the various nuances of a phenomenon. In other words, you have a choice of either reducing the complexity of your data or expanding upon something that initially looks simple.

Write an introduction that interests the reader and effectively outlines your arguments.

How much time and space should you devote to the theory chapter? This is a difficult question. Some theses dwell too long on theory and never get to the main point: the analysis and discussion.

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But it is also important to have read enough theory to know what to look for when collecting data. The nature of your research should decide: Some studies do not require much theory, but put more emphasis on the method, while other studies need a rich theory section to enable an interesting discussion. In a scholarly research article, the section dealing with method is very important. The same applies to an empirical thesis. For students, this can be a difficult section to write, especially since its purpose may not always be clear.

For example, if you have carried out interviews, you do not need to list all the different types of research interview. You also do not need to describe the differences between quantitative and qualitative methods, or list all different kinds of validity and reliability. What you must do is to show how your choice of design and research method is suited to answering your research question s. Demonstrate that you have given due consideration to the validity and reliability of your chosen method. This way, the method section is not only able to tie the different parts of your thesis together, it also becomes interesting to read!


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Your analysis, along with your discussion, will form the high light of your thesis. This is where you report your findings and present them in a systematic manner. The expectations of the reader have been built up through the other chapters, make sure you fulfill these expectations. To analyse means to distinguish between different types of phenomena — similar from different. Importantly, by distinguishing between different phenomena, your theory is put to work. Precisely how your analysis should appear, however, is a methodological question.

Finding out how best to organise and present your findings may take some time. Note that not all theses must contain all components. Consult with your supervisor and the regulations governing your degree to identify which components you need. A notable exception from the following format are theses that do not have an empirical element, and historical studies.

The ways in which data are related to the literature can vary enormously, so that there may be no clearly defined differentiation of function amongst your chapters regarding literature and data presentation.

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Although these components appear approximately in the order in which they are often presented in a thesis, they may appear in quite different orders especially the sections of the body of the thesis and forms. Moreover, you are very likely to compose them in a completely different order. For example, the introduction is often written late, and is certainly revised in conjunction with the conclusion, and the abstract should be written last. When in doubt, consult your supervisor! Visit my page. Discussion groups.