Research Proposal Example and Sample
Ironically, when you have tuned yourself to writing a long paper, spicing it generously with lyrical asides, it becomes difficult to put your idea in just a few paragraphs. These paragraphs are often what stands between you and the goal you are working towards — the grade, the grant, the job. You definitely will — with our help. We are eager to help you with this difficult task. Here is what Essays Agency offers in short: at our service, you can buy research proposal for any purpose and at an affordable price. With our help, you will ensure success and timely completion of your proposal.
New to research proposal writing? All you need is professional guidance! Our writers have been writing research proposals for years now, and they are ready to teach you all the secrets. Simply order a proposal and you will have amazing examples for future referencing, not to mention a perfectly written paper for current use. Do you know what makes a good proposal research paper? Captivating content. Even if your proposal is not perfect, interested readers will become a vehicle for achieving your goals. We understand this rule very well.
If you have a research topic in mind — good; if not, our writers will look for something trendy, relevant, and sufficiently controversial to make your research valuable and worth readers attention.
It goes without saying that we will also make your proposal perfect in all other respects, including styling, formatting, and proofreading. Before beginning, it is important to stress there is no one correct way to write a research proposal. Like all writing, it is dependent upon context.
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The discipline you are writing for is going to help determine what needs to be included. Thus, the best approach is to get in touch with the person or organization that will be reading your work and ask them about what their expectations are in terms of format and which specific elements need to be included. That being said, there are some elements common to all research proposals. All research seeks to solve a problem or answer a question. A research proposal should contain a clear and concise description of the problem or question. Within this description, you will need to define what your proposal is about, which specific issues you will address, and the significance of your work.
Another way of ensuring these criteria are met is to make sure you answer these questions:. In addition to describing the problem, you also need to demonstrate that you have an understanding of the current literature on your topic. Take Google Scholar's slogan to heart: stand on the shoulders of giants. You might think your research is so incredibly groundbreaking that in the entirety of intellectual history, nothing has ever been written about it before. Second, even the most groundbreaking theories that resulted in cultural or scientific shifts in the way we understand the world Copernicus's Theory of a Heliocentric Universe , Darwin's Theory of Evolution , Aquinas's Summa Theologica , etc.
These thinkers, the ones we consider giants, had the good sense to read what was written about their topic before they started writing. So, read first and then write. However, you do not need to include everything that has ever been written about your topic because, at this point, it ceases being a research proposal and becomes a very extensive annotated bibliography. You need only summarize a few of the major theorists. You must give the sense that you know what you're talking about and that you've read, assimilated, and are able to respond to contemporary theories and scholarship.
That being said, you need not be afraid to point out errors, unanswered questions, inconsistencies, or problems.
In fact, that is precisely what you should be doing. Y is probably the topic of your research proposal.
A research proposal will end with discussing the ramifications of your research. How will your work affect the field? What are its implications? These are the things you want to think about when writing this portion of your research proposal. The discussion portion connects your potential research to a broader context. A clean, well-thought-out proposal forms the backbone for the research itself and hence becomes the most important step in the process of conduct of research.
However, there are very few universally accepted guidelines for preparation of a good quality research proposal. A search was performed with keywords such as research proposal, funding, qualitative and writing proposals using search engines, namely, PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus. A proposal needs to show how your work fits into what is already known about the topic and what new paradigm will it add to the literature, while specifying the question that the research will answer, establishing its significance, and the implications of the answer.
A researcher must be balanced, with a realistic understanding of what can be achieved. Being persuasive implies that researcher must be able to convince other researchers, research funding agencies, educational institutions and supervisors that the research is worth getting approval. The aim of the researcher should be clearly stated in simple language that describes the research in a way that non-specialists can comprehend, without use of jargons. The proposal must not only demonstrate that it is based on an intelligent understanding of the existing literature but also show that the writer has thought about the time needed to conduct each stage of the research.
The contents or formats of a research proposal vary depending on the requirements of evaluation committee and are generally provided by the evaluation committee or the institution. In general, a cover page should contain the i title of the proposal, ii name and affiliation of the researcher principal investigator and co-investigators, iii institutional affiliation degree of the investigator and the name of institution where the study will be performed , details of contact such as phone numbers, E-mail id's and lines for signatures of investigators.
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The main contents of the proposal may be presented under the following headings: i introduction, ii review of literature, iii aims and objectives, iv research design and methods, v ethical considerations, vi budget, vii appendices and viii citations. Introduction is an initial pitch of an idea; it sets the scene and puts the research in context. It should convey to the reader, what you want to do, what necessitates the study and your passion for the topic. If hypothesis cannot be constructed, the line of inquiry to be used in the research must be indicated.
How to Write a Proposal for a Research Paper | Scribendi
It refers to all sources of scientific evidence pertaining to the topic in interest. It is preferable to summarise each article in a paragraph, highlighting the details pertinent to the topic of interest. The progression of review can move from the more general to the more focused studies, or a historical progression can be used to develop the story, without making it exhaustive.
The research purpose or goal or aim gives a broad indication of what the researcher wishes to achieve in the research. The hypothesis to be tested can be the aim of the study. The objectives related to parameters or tools used to achieve the aim are generally categorised as primary and secondary objectives. It should be unmistakably tied to the specific aims of your study.
In this section, the methods and sources used to conduct the research must be discussed, including specific references to sites, databases, key texts or authors that will be indispensable to the project. There should be specific mention about the methodological approaches to be undertaken to gather information, about the techniques to be used to analyse it and about the tests of external validity to which researcher is committed. The components of this section include the following:[ 4 ].
Population refers to all the elements individuals, objects or substances that meet certain criteria for inclusion in a given universe,[ 12 ] and sample refers to subset of population which meets the inclusion criteria for enrolment into the study. The inclusion and exclusion criteria should be clearly defined. The researcher is expected to give a detailed account of the methodology adopted for collection of data, which include the time frame required for the research.
The methodology should be tested for its validity and ensure that, in pursuit of achieving the results, the participant's life is not jeopardised. The author should anticipate and acknowledge any potential barrier and pitfall in carrying out the research design and explain plans to address them, thereby avoiding lacunae due to incomplete data collection. If the researcher is planning to acquire data through interviews or questionnaires, copy of the questions used for the same should be attached as an annexure with the proposal.
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This addresses the strength of the research with respect to its neutrality, consistency and applicability.